Kolkata Transport ? This content is about the capital of West Bengal yes that is Kolkata (Calcutta) only. It is located in the banks of river Hooghly. The city was developed by the British East India Company. Now the capital of India is Delhi but before that Kolkata is the capital of India, it was relocated to Delhi.
Kolkata (Calcutta) Past, Present, future:–
In the 19th century, it became the second city of the British Indian Empire. It was developed by the culture of Indian tradition with European Philosophies. At the time Independence Kolkata gives more support by the way of Naxalite and Trade union movement. This city has the pet name of Cultural capital of India, the city of the palace, the city of processions, and city of joy.
Past Times Kolkata (Calcutta) it provides the Prominent Peoples like Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Rabindranath Tagore, Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo, etc… the arrival of East India Company is behind the long chain of events in Bengal, mainly in 1690 Job Charnock In satanuti.
Present Times Kolkata (Calcutta) is the most wanted city for trade development. The shipping transport in Kolkata plays the main role in that state. Everybody likes to visit Kolkata at least once in their lifetime because it holds so many memorial places.
In the future, Kolkata (Calcutta) will mecum the number one trading center in India.
History of transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) :–
Kolkata (Calcutta) State transport Corporation was started on 31 July 1948. It provides buses for Kolkata and near districts of West Bengal. This transport corporation owns 11 Depots in Kolkata. The transport service provides efficient bus services around Kolkata (Calcutta) and West Bengal.
The above-mentioned service was started by all India road transport agency Kolkata West Bengal. All the public-private and Industrial transport services are available. These are the public transports used in Kolkata (Calcutta) . They are
- Auto Rickshaw
For private use, they use Cycle, Motorbike, and Car. Howrah Bridge and Vidyasagar Setu both the Bridges are connecting Kolkata (Calcutta) with Howrah. Vidyasagar Setu is the third bridge over the river of Ganges, it connects Howrah from Dakshineshwar.
Geographical location Kolkata (Calcutta) :–
The city is located at the Eastern part of India with banks of river Hooghly River. The Ganges River is located at 100 south to the City. In this origin, it has the alluvial soil. Bengal basin made of three structures. The metropolitan area is spread over 1,886.67 square kilometers and it is made up of three municipal Corporations. They are
- 3 Municipal Corporation
- 39 Local Municipalities
- 24 panchayat samitis
It has a wet and climate with summer monsoon. The annual temperature is 26.8 °C and the monthly temperature range from 19 °C to 30 °C. The maximum temperature of this city May-June is 40 °C. The minimum temperature of this city December-January is 12 °C.
Kolkata (Calcutta) population:–
Kolkata (Calcutta) had a population of 4.6 million that’s why it got 7th place in the population of India. It has the largest urban area includes the suburbs has a population of 14.3 Million which made India’s 3rd metropolitan city. There are 24,000 peoples are living in per square kilometer. This is one of the World’s highest Densities ever.
It covers the big amount of surface area that comes under 205 square kilometers. Kolkata has the number of men than women because a number of working men come from the West Bengal and other neighbor states. Still, there are many other communities are lived in this place they are Tamils, Telugus, Nepalis, Chinese, Americans, Greeks, Punjabis, and Parsis.
Kolkata (Calcutta) area – Resident, Industrial:–
Residential area in Kolkata:–
The residential area of this city is which is made up of slums and thesaurus. The Kolkata has the biggest slum are which name was Basanti slum. It is the major slum area of the city. it is surrounded by some other slums whose name was Khiddirpore, Howrah and some other slum areas.
The best place to live in Kolkata is given below
- Salt Lake
- Stupid Dum
- New Alipore
Industries involved in this state are mentioned below in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
- Jute industry
- Textile or artificial weaving industry
- Heavy engineering industry
- Paper industry
- Chemical industry
- Leather industry
- IT industry
- Other industry
Kolkata (Calcutta) points of interest :-
Kolkata has the most wanted memorial places and everyone like to visit that paces once in their lifetime. Here we have the top ten tourist places in Kolkata, they are mentioned below :-
- Victoria Memorial
- Fort William
- Belur Math
- Howrah Bridge
- Birla Planetarium
- Indian Museum
- Marble Palace Mansion
- Mother House
- Science City
- St. Paul’s Cathedral
These are the main tourist places people want to visit it every time.
Victoria Memorial was built in 1921and it is the pride of Kolkata. Which is made up of high valued marble and it is dedicated to Queen Victoria. It is the most popular tourist spot.
Kolkata (Calcutta) Corporate areas :-
Kolkata (Calcutta) is the most wanted metro cities in India. It holds so many corporate companies and industries with it. At every year the revenue income from the state is increased because of the corporate companies.
Day by day the foreign investors are increased that notifies the growth of the city. The foreign corporate investors are helping to maintain the economic level of the city. According to the resent survey, Kolkata economy has reached from $60 to $ 150 billion.
It is the most productive metropolitan city in India. Brookings Institution says that the GDP of Kolkata in 2014 is $60.447 Billion. The World Bank mentioned that Kolkata is the best for doing Business.
Kolkata (Calcutta) hotels :-
The tourist people can’t able to visit all the places in one day. It will take at least one weak to visit some places. So you have to check in some hotels in Kolkata. There is the best hotel are available in the budget.
First of the tourist must plane before about the hotels and it cost for one day stay. There is also a middle-class hotel are they charge a low cost for one day stay. It is better to book the hotel rooms online because in that way they give more offers to the customers.
The visitors should enquire that Food and allowance are available at the same place. There is so many decent hotels are kept in this city so the tourist people no need to worry about the security.
Problems of housing in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
The main problems of housing in Kolkata (Calcutta) are the population of the city is very high when compared to the other states. There are multiple families are living in the same house which is called as chal. If any bodies new to this city they can’t tolerate the group of living culture in Kolkata (Calcutta).
It is the most wanted trade center so that the land cost is also high. Some of the peoples are living in the boats. In the city Kolkata has continually demanded an affordable house, May it be changed in the future.
Local transport fact in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
Transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is important for people who travel from one place to another place. The transport facility is more essential for people. Transport plays an important role in economic growth in Kolkata (Calcutta) because it has the biggest trade center in India. But our bad time it makes huge pollution, this is the main problem of public transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) .
In Kolkata (Calcutta) , the local transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) gives more convenient travel for the public. Local transport service such as auto service, taxi, and other two-wheelers and three-wheeler. Some people are regularly traveled on a local train. It is also very less cost compared to other local transport services in Kolkata. Auto and taxi services are the most preferable one.
At any emergency time, the people travel by the help of auto rickshaw and taxi services. Local transport in Kolkata increases the transport economy for road Transport Corporation in Kolkata. Some taxis, auto, and buses are runs under the Kolkata transport corporation.
Best Transport Service in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
In the city Kolkata (Calcutta) , transportation gives more facility for people. Kolkata having many transport services like bus transport, air transport, water transport, road transport and other local transport like auto and taxi. Metro services are also available in Kolkata city. The local train is the best one for easy traveling.
In Kolkata, the two major stations control all entire systems. One is Howrah and other is sealdah. It is one of the fast-moving transports compared to other local transport services in Kolkata. And the traveling cost is very less. Using local train, you’re traveling time is also reduced.
Next is Auto rickshaw service, traveling auto rickshaw in Kolkata (Calcutta) gives little difference from other traveling. Auto is the majority of available transport in Kolkata. All the routes and shortcuts are known for auto drivers. Therefore, they can be easily dropping your destination place at the right time.
Best Bus Transport Service in Kolkata (Calcutta):-
In Kolkata (Calcutta) having many bus services like minibuses, private buses, AC buses, and CSTC buses it means government bus. Considering the busy city, bus travel is more complex and takes a lot of time. In Kolkata, the minibus service is the best option for this congested road. And the CSTC buses are also good for people.
Then for traveling long distance, the Volvo bus service is the best option for your convenient traveling. Because Volvo bus offers more facility for passengers.
The government of Kolkata (Calcutta) road transportation offers many buses services like CSTC (Calcutta State Transport Corporation) and other similar services. All the government buses having the LED display board for showing routes for people. It is the best one for passengers to easily identify the routes.
Local Train Facility Lifeline in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
In Kolkata (Calcutta), the local train is much better compared to other traveling. The local train is a more essential need for today’s people life. Most of the people used the local train on a regular basis. Because it’s traveling cost is very less and it is one of the fastest moving transport in Kolkata (Calcutta). The local train gives more facilities for passengers.
It has excellent compartment facilities for ladies and children’s. Therefore it is safe for traveling, Kolkata local train is always crowded because of these reasons. Tram-train is also available in Kolkata (Calcutta). It is one of the joy rides and this tram traveling gives more fun for tram passengers. But it is very slow.
Railway Transportation Condition in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
In Kolkata (Calcutta) railway station having 23 railway platforms and 26 tracks. Howrah railway station is the busiest railway station in Kolkata (Calcutta).
Kolkata (Calcutta) railway station is always in overcrowded because of its good representation. Although, it is the safest place for passengers because, in the railway station, each and every place is monitored by the railway police department.
Big railway Station in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
Howrah station and Sealdah station is the biggest railway station in Kolkata (Calcutta). It is also one of the busiest stations in Kolkata (Calcutta). In sealdah station there are 1.8 million passengers are traveling in per day.
In future new upgrade coaches and free Wi-Fi are coming soon in Kolkata (Calcutta) railway station. This railway station offers more flexibility for passengers. You are no need to wait for any train. At any time the train will be available for passengers.
City Metro Sevice in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
Kolkata (Calcutta) metro is the first underground metro in India. And it also considers the oldest metro in India. It is one of the fastest moving transports in Kolkata (Calcutta) city. Its speed is average 50 kilometers per hour. This is the best option for quick traveling. Using metro, save your cost and time. It is more efficient and energy consumption.
It has a wide space for passengers. It is eco-friendly and causes no air pollution and noise pollution. It carries high load capacity also. In underground railway system is a good one because it helps to avoid road traffic and congestion. And it also attracts the passengers by its super fasting mode.
It takes thousands of passengers at a time and it is one of the best in the metro. The passengers do not wait for a long time in the station. The metro is always available because its frequency is high. In Metro, the accident rate is very less compared to the other transport in Kolkata (Calcutta).
Water Transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
Water transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) means to transport the goods and material from one place to another place through seaway or ocean over a long distance. Water transport plays an important role in Kolkata because of its trade. Compared to the other transport water transport is the best one for transferring goods because it delivers the goods in on time with less cost.
It is the quick and easiest way of transportation in the transport industry. Recent days, In Kolkata (Calcutta) government, develops the water transport because day by day the trading is well developed in Kolkata and the import and export transportation are highly in Kolkata (Calcutta) . There are many types of water transport is available in the city.
The main advantage of water transport is it transfers easily heavy load goods and bulky goods with less time. This transportation gives a more flexible service than other transport in Kolkata.
Air transportation Cargo and passengers in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
Air cargo means the goods and materials are carried in airway and aircraft. Air transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is the fastest transport compared to water transport. Air Cargo is divided into many types they are general cargo, dry cargo, bulk cargo, container cargo and liquid cargo and many.
Cargo is worked in both domestic and international. But these domestic cargos do not provide any doorstep services for the customer. Cargo aircraft mostly used in international trade.
Air transportation passenger is a person who needs to travel from one country to another country. It means local airport provides air transportation for passengers where the flights are available over a long distance. In passenger aircraft takes more than 800 people at a time.
Airport & chartered passengers-cargo plains in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
The airport is the main airways transport used in Kolkata (Calcutta) and the detail of airports is given below they are
- 2 international airports
- 4 domestic airports
- 3 private airstrips
- 5 military Airbases
- 13 closed Airports
Chartered passengers are allowed the transporter for the goods safety purpose. If the cargo Plains section realize that if there is any late in air transport in Kolkata. They arrange the alternate flight for transport the goods from one place to another.
This condition explains the punctuality of Airways. Transporting goods through flight is costlier than the other but it will reach the destination on time and there is no chance for a delay.
Cargo Plains consist of goods only there is also a freezing section and dry sections are allocated depends upon the goods. So the goods will be transported on time with perfect condition of goods. These are all the chartered flight’s cargo Plains features in Airport for transporting goods.
Auto transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) :–
In Kolkata, there are different modes of transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) city. The best road transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) that serves millions of peoples is auto transport. Many tourists and other new people in the city prefer auto as it helps them to reach the place they want at the right time. This reduces passenger strain and stress. This auto transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) charges moderate charges and high compared to the bus charge.
The auto drivers are ready to serve the people at any time. The passengers who are riding in this transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) should check the auto meters are on. Because many auto drivers are not charging according to the meter fare.
Taxi transport in Kolkata (Calcutta):–
The different modes of transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) help people to reach different places in the city. The foreigners and other state peoples coming to the city feel difficult to reach the unknown address. Because of this issue, the government has introduced the taxis which is colored in yellow and black.
The kind of service is helpful for the new people in the city and the fare charge also moderate. The taxi drivers used to charge according to the reading shown in the meter. It will be moderate but not too low than the auto fare. The taxi is available in both day and night.
Cab transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) :–
In this modern era, the connectivity of the people became digitalized. The people are using the internet facility to order whatever they want in no time. Everything is fast these days. The food, products, medicines, etc. are all available online. They are delivered at the doorstep in just a single tap.
Like this, the cab is also the online booking of cars for traveling within or outside the city. Using the app in your smartphone it is to book the cab within a minute. The GPS in the cab is helpful to track where the car is arriving at present.
Loory Truck transportation and truck terminal in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
The major transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is truck transportation. It is used for trading purposes. There are many transporting companies in Kolkata. Sitala Transport is the big truck transporter in Kolkata (Calcutta) . Here the many advanced and modified trucks are available to transport the heavy load cargos.
The cargos are transported via the highway and all these trucks are designed to travel slowly to avoid accidents. There are many truck terminals are available along the national highways of the Kolkata. The truck drivers can take rest and refresh and also they can check the condition of the truck here.
Trailer Transportation Company in Kolkata (Calcutta) :–
The trailer also looks like the truck model but lengthy in size. This kind of vehicle is of two types one is with the container and the other one is without. The trailers are the vehicle that can carry millions of tons of goods from one state to another.
ABCC India is one of the transportation companies in the country that carry millions of tons of cargo materials. This OOG Transport Company in the city is helpful for loading the heavy loads of irons, steels, cement, etc.
Container transportation Company in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
In this transportation, the containers are attached to the different modes of transport vehicles. The trucks and trailers are mostly used for container transportation in roadways. The ODC transport services Kolkata (Calcutta) performs this container transportation using the truck and the trailer vehicles.
The container contains the heavy loaded cargos. The containers are kept in the ships for the seaway transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) . The railway transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is always practiced highly next to seaway transportation for container loading. It is also helpful to be simple and cheap without any disturbance to the other people.
Seaport transportation in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
The ports are the ship terminals in the sea. The ships in this port can load the passengers to travel from one country to another via seaway transport in Kolkata (Calcutta). The ports can also be used for loading the cargo materials from one place to another. The millions of tons of cargo material can be used for seaway transport in Delhi. There are different types of ports such as
- Dry port
- Fishing port
- Inland port
- Cruise home ports
- Cargo ports
- Port of call
- Warm water port
Sea Port Development in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
One of the oldest ports in the country is the Kolkata port which is located at a distance of 203 km from the city. The State government is taking the necessary steps to improve the ports and increase the import and export business in the city. The port handling capacity can be expanded to the extra 1500 MMTPA. This means that import and export trading around the world will be increased.
In India, there are both major and non-major ports. The major ports are controlled by the central government and the non-major ports by the state government. Only 65 ports act as the cargo ports. So the government has taken the necessary steps to improve the port features for the cargo purpose. The trading of goods is the major source for the country. In order to improve trading of the International and domestic sectors, the ports have been expanded and modernized in the future.
Import Export growth condition and the transportation impact in Kolkata:–
The city transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) has many cargos transportation to the intrastate and also to the foreign countries in the world. The GDP of the import and export business in Kolkata is increasing as per the recent survey. For the last couple of years, the export and import growth in Kolkata is increased.
The exporting of goods from the West Bengal has reached more than 30000crore, during the years 2008 and 2009. Import and export process provides high result in recent years. The improved transportation in the city is also the reason for reaching high growth in the city.
Big corporate in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
In this city, there are many corporate companies are existing. These companies give major growth to the city and also the government of India. The ABCC India Project Cargo Corporation is the logistics company in Kolkata (Calcutta) that is used to travel heavy loads of goods within the country. There are many corporate companies in Kolkata some of them are Balrampur Chini mills ltd. Berger Paints India ltd., Birla Corporation India Ltd., Emami limited, ITC Ltd, etc. Thus, the top MNCs and other international companies around the world are coming in the city and provide investment to the government to establish their network.
Infrastructure Developments in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
This is the historic city in the country that provides the different modes of transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) such as road, air, shipping, and train. These kinds of transports in Kolkata (Calcutta) are helpful for the people. The government is taking the necessary action to improve the infrastructure in the city. This city is the first one who introduced the metro rail system in the country. The expansion of road transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is the major process that the government is taking steps.
The increase in the number of vehicles in the city is the main problem that made the government builds flyovers and bridges. Because of the increase in the population of the city the government is taking the necessary steps to expand road transport, railway transport, and air transport in the future.
Kolkata v/s India :–
Kolkata (Calcutta) is one of the oldest cities in the country that provides high economic growth in the trading sector. It is one of the famous cities for the trading purpose next to Delhi. The growth of foreign investment in the city is the main advantage for the government to earn more annual income.
There are many existing industries, factories and other corporate companies that are present in the city. Transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is huge. A lot of seats are vacant for transport job in Kolkata (Calcutta) as transportation is getting expanded by the government. This helps the graduates to get the job easily.
Kolkata weak infrastructure in Kolkata (Calcutta):-
The State government needs to take the necessary steps to improve the railway transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) . Because the coaches in the railway system are very dirty and many insects are roaming inside the coaches. The foods served are not covered and hygiene and also the railway employees are not concentrating on the cleanliness behavior. The sanitation in the railway is also very worst.
The increase in population compared to the last year made the city government improve the transport facilities in the city. The number of buses should be increased to avoid the crowds on the bus stands. Railway stations and airports also need to be increased to avoid overcrowding in the city.
Transport RTO office in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
The Regional Transport Office (RTO) in Kolkata is one of the biggest organizations in the city. It controls the transport in Kolkata (Calcutta). Here the millions of new vehicles are registered every year. The office is controlled by the Indian government and it has the complete list of vehicles and its owners in the city. The vehicle that is not registered remains illegal.
RTO plays a major role by providing the advanced number plate for the security features. It also provides the duplicate certificate for the people who have lost the documents due to some issues. The RTO provides the driving license, determines the vehicles that did not pay tax and also provides CCTV cameras in the corners of the roads to detect the theft and other problems in the city.
Kolkata (Calcutta) transportation future:–
The transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) provides major economic growth for the country. The state government is taking the necessary steps to improve the facilities in the future. There are already many flyovers and bridges are constructed by the government because of the growing population in the city.
This kind of growing population leads to a headache for the government in order to build additional flyovers and roads in the city. The airports and seaports also need to be upgraded by the government. Transport services in Kolkata (Calcutta) will be more advanced in the future.
Road transportation in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
In the road transportation buses, auto rickshaws, taxis, cabs and also Trams are used. Surprised at hearing the Trams in India? Yes, the trams are available in the Kolkata city which is established in the year 1902. This is the only city in the country that has trams running. It helps thousands of passengers daily to travel.
Thus the road transportation in the city provides high income to the state and also the central government. The Kolkata transport office keeps controlling and maintaining road transportation with the vigilance camera at corners of the road.
Road Transportation problems in Kolkata (Calcutta) :-
The road transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is very much high that includes both passengers and cargo. Because of the increase in the population the government and the private buses are fully crowded that too during the office going time.
Even the government has introduced the additional buses it is difficult for people to travel on the buses because of the high population. The increase in vehicles on the roads makes people get irritated while traveling.
The government is trying to avoid the transport strike in Kolkata (Calcutta) . The drivers are given many salary benefits. The cars in the city are very high compared to the two-wheelers that make high traffic in the city. The city traffic management system also taking the necessary steps to control the crowd. It also helps people to travel freely on the road. The heavy loaded trucks in the road occupy more space that makes the ordinary people move slowly.
Financial Future Assurance in Kolkata (Calcutta):-
Since Kolkata (Calcutta) is one of the metropolitan cities the transport facilities, small scale and large scale industries are highly growing. The level of business practice in the city increased highly. Much financial assurance and advisory services are available in the city.
These services are helping the clients to get the information as per the law and maintain the documents. The financial companies also conduct the audit and other future financial assurance in Kolkata to improve the relationship between them and the client.
Kolkata transport cargo logistics company :-
The transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) includes different modes like road, sea, and airways. The road transportation is very much congested as the number of vehicle users increased gradually. The truck and bus transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is high and this affects the normal vehicle users to travel on the road freely. The seaway transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) includes both people and goods transport. The goods transport in the city gives high economic gain for the government.
Airway transport is also the popular transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) among the people where many domestic and international flights are available. Airway transport is also used for cargo purposes to transport goods within the country and also to foreign countries.
Railway transport is the major transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) that gives more economy next to road transport. The government is introducing many interesting schemes to make the railway department and that grabs the people and tourist attraction. The railways can be used for passenger transport and also for goods transport in Kolkata (Calcutta).
The railway stations in the city are always filled with a vast number of people even during the night time. This is because of the increase in population and migration of the people. Howrah and Sealdah are the two major railway stations in the city.
The metro rail transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) is established in the year 1984. This is the first city in the country that has introduced the metro rail system and also trams across the roads. The city government is taking the necessary steps to keep the railway station clean and the foods provided also hygiene. Even though the metro rail is one of the oldest transport in Kolkata (Calcutta) it runs only limited hours per day. The government needs to take the necessary action to increase the number of traveling people high.
Kolkata transport cargo logistics company Conclusion:–
There are about 8 million Commercial Cargo Vehicles operating In India. In Which 12 lakh National Permit Vehicles are able to transport in states and neighboring countries of India. 60% invaluable contribution to the development of the country is coming from the transport business. This Trade is the medium of livelihood of more than 100 million families. It may affect half of the population of India. Today, this Big Group is on the path of collapse due to some Sparrows and Government wrong policies, which seems to be the Stone of the Mill in the Destruction of the Nation.
The state government is also providing important schemes to increase the industrial growth and economic growth in the country. The education, health, medicine, hospitality, sewage, sanitation, and other important features are increased by the government. This helps people to live in the city happily without any diseases.
The main aim of the government is to make the city number one in economic growth and also in all the sectors of the city. Because of the improvement in the private sector and transportation facilities, many foreign companies are investing to develop their organization. The government keeps an eye on developing the infrastructure of the city. In future Kolkata (Calcutta) tops in the list of developed cities in the country.