Home Transport In the common language, prime mover is called puller machine, puller tool...

In the common language, prime mover is called puller machine, puller tool or puller vehicle, let’s see some of its variants.

Prime Mover

Table of Contents Page

Basics of the prime mover:-

In earlier days when there were no technological improvement or no creativity in the field of development of the mechanical machines, the human being had to depend on his physical strength and on animal for several works to carry out. But now with the improvement of engines and many energy sources to produce power from the engines, it became possible to meet various needs in our day to day life and work.

 What is the prime mover?

Prime mover is a device, which uses the energy from natural sources and converts it into mechanical energy.”

Various sources of energy used by prime movers:- Prime movers use different origins of energy. The several origins are as follow:-

Burning of fuels:-

This is the most important origin of energy. When any fuel is combusted, it discharges the heat energy. The energy given out by fuel depends on the nature of fuel burnt. Various fuels have various calorific values and based on that heat is released by fuel. Then this heat energy is transformed into mechanical energy.

River water:-

It is another useful and widely used origin of energy. Water flowing from a specific height contains the potential energy. This potential energy is transformed into kinetic energy when it reaches to the prime mover. Here prime mover is a hydraulic turbine through which power is produced. Another use of river water is to generate steam in a boiler. Again this steam is used in steam turbines and steam engines to generate the mechanical power.


Nowadays with modern development atoms are used as a good and rich origin of energy. Heat energy is generated by fission or fusion of atoms. This heat energy is transformed into mechanical work by engines. 

Wind Energy:-

This origin of energy is widely used nowadays because it is available freely everywhere. It is a renewable origin of energy.

Solar energy:-

The origin of energy is also freely available so it is trapped to make its proper use to generate power. It is also falling in the division of a renewable source of energy.

Types of prime movers:-

The prime movers are listed based on the sources of energy utilized by them. The arrangement is shown below:-

Thermal prime movers:- 

These are the prime movers which use the thermal energy of source to produce power. Different thermal prime movers are given below:-Fuels (Heat engines):- These prime movers use several fuels like petrol, diesel, oil, gas to produce mechanical power.

Fuels (Heat engines):- These prime movers use several fuels like petrol, diesel, oil, gas to produce mechanical power.

Heat engines are two types:-

  1. External combustion engines:-Reciprocating steam engines Steam turbineClosed cycle gas turbine Internal combustion engines:-Reciprocating I.C. enginesOpen cycle gas turbine
  • Nuclear (Nuclear power plant):- This prime mover utilises the heat energy of atoms by fission or fusion method to develop the mechanical power. It is chiefly used in nuclear power plants. Different radioactive components like uranium, thorium are used for these fission or fusion process in a nuclear reactor. 
  • Geothermal:- In this kind of prime mover the heat energy is recovered from a certain depth or the hot part of the earth beneath earth surface then it is transformed into mechanical by the proper engine.
  • Biogas:- Biogas is principally produced from garbage or any other waste which is used to generate power by the prime mover in a biogas plant.
  • Solar energy:- The solar energy spread to the earth in the form of radiation or electromagnetic waves. This energy trapped in with the help of solar panel made up of semiconductor element. This heat energy is then turned into power. 

Non-thermal prime movers:- 

These kinds of prime movers do not use the heat energy to transform it into mechanical power. The following are the non-thermal prime movers:-

  • Hydraulic turbines:- This kind of prime mover uses the stored potential energy of water to generate power. 
  • Wind power:- With the help of the wind turbine, wind energy is transformed into power.
  • Tidal power:- The energy of tides from the ocean is transformed into power by the use of the turbine which is known as tidal power.

Prime movers synonyms in transportation trade:- There are many uses of prime movers in transportation trade. Some of the applications are discussed below:-

Highway Tractor:-

Highway Tractor
Highway Tractor

A tractor unit (prime mover or traction unit) is a characteristically heavy-duty towing engine that gives motive power for dragging a towed or trailered load. These fall into two divisions: heavy and medium-duty military and financial rear-wheel drive “semi-tractors” used for dragging semi-trailers, and very heavy-duty typically off-road proficient, often 6×6, military and commercial tractor units, highway tractor puller vehicles including ballast tractors.

A tructor is a motor vehicle sketched to transport cargo. Trucks varry in size, power and configuration; smaller varieties may be mechanically related to some automobiles. Tractor units typically have ample displacement diesel engines. These are used for power stability and economy, several axles and a multi-ratio transmission (10, 13, or 18 gears) for highest flexibility in gearing. The tractor-trailer combination shares a load across various axles while being more manoeuvrable than an equivalently sized stiff truck. The most popular tractor-trailer attachment arrangement is a fifth wheel coupling, providing rapid shift between trailers performing various functions, such as a bulk tipper and box trailer. Trailers including differing cargos can be rapidly interchanged between tractors, discharging downtime while a trailer is unloaded or loaded. Drawbar couplings are also observed, individually in dedicated exceptionally heavy-duty ballast tractors and as a means to attach intermediate fifth-wheel dollies for pulling multiple semi-trailers.

There have been three common cab arrangements used in tractors, two are still widely used.

  1. The traditional has an engine and hood over the front axle in front of the cab, as in most vehicles. This style is almost common in North America.
  2. The cab over engine or cab forward has a flat nose cab with the operator sitting in front of the front axle. Generally used in the EU and Japan, this style has the benefits of good vision and manoeuvrability and allows highest trailer length comparative to overall length. In North America, this type of cab can be beneficial in rigid trucks, but now has little benefit in tractors and is rarely used.
  3. A North American style cab covering the engine, now principally obsolete, had a flat nose cab positioned higher over the engine, with the operator sitting above the front axle. This provided a sleeper compartment in a short tractor, and highest wheelbase relative overall length, essential for bridge formula weight limitations. With the loosening of length limitations in 1982, this technique had limited applications and is no longer manufactured for the U.S. supermarket. This style is still however recommended in Australia where length limitations still implement on many roads and it is used to maximise the capacity of both single trailer and B double configurations, and American associations Freightliner and Kenworth still create trucks in this style for this market. In Australia, both styles of cab over engine truck as well as conventionals are in general use.

Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley Mover:- Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley Mover offered high performance-based hydraulic multi-axle trailers that highlight the comfort of towing bar and hydraulic gooseneck that supports full ease in handling of Ovesize heavy haulage ODC loads. With the presence of powered gooseneck improving the manoeuvrability of trailers. The trailers also have the help of hydraulic platform and all-wheel steerable option that gives for an enhanced payload volume of trailers. Other than hydraulic suspension comfort, the trailers also come with many options of adjusting platform stage and presence of a safety valve in the hydraulic circuit.

SPMT Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley

SPMT Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley

Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley

Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley

Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley
Hydraulic Multi-Axle Trailer Trolley


  • High performance-based hydraulic multi-axle trailers trolley mover
  • Highlighting support of towing bar and hydraulic gooseneck that provides complete ease in handling of ODC loads
  • Presence of powered gooseneck also improves the manoeuvrability of trailers
  • Support of hydraulic platform and all-wheel steerable option gives for an enhanced payload capacity of trailers
  • Other than hydraulic suspension comfort, the trailers also come with advantages of adjusting platform height and appearance of the safety valve in the hydraulic circuit
  • Proper for both automatically and manually steering support
  • Providing for trustworthy operations when the movement of ODC is required over large distances
  • Determining suitability for carrying oversized equipment like a gas turbine, windmill, generator, transformer, etc.

Trucking dolly :-

A trucking dolly is an unpowered vehicle sketched for connection to a tractor unit, truck or prime mover vehicle with substantial traction power. There are several types of trucking

trucking dolly
trucking dolly

dolly bogie:-

  • Full trailer:- 2 axle (4 wheels), with a drawbar which also manages the trailer’s forward axle steering. The drawbar does not carry the load of the full trailer. The heavy full trailer requires to have its brakes remotely controlled by the prime mover vehicle.
  • Semi-trailer:- 1 axle (2 wheels), without the forward axle but have a landing gear. Big semi-trailer of truck size is sketched for intermediary via the fifth wheel on the tractor unit or the semi-trailer truck. Small semi-trailer such as travel trailer and boat trailer is designed for intermediary via a tow hitch of a passenger vehicle. Either the fifth wheel or the tow hitch takes up to share the load of the semi-trailer.
  • Road train:- Special oversized dolly bogie equipped with a fifth wheel for a further intermediary by the gooseneck type drawbar of different similar dolly and form a road train. The ultimate dolly in a road train requires its rear lights, brakes remotely managed by the prime mover vehicle and registration plate.
  •  Tow dolly:- A semi-trailer sketched as automobile rescue facilities. It is invented to couple to the concerned automobile’s powered wheel, i.e. the forward wheel of a front-wheel-drive automobile, or the rear wheel of a rear-wheel-drive automobile, by securing the powered wheels onto the tow dolly’s tray. The tow dolly is towed hitch attached to a tractor or truck. Tow dollies are allowed in all 50 US states and Canada. In the U.S. and Canada, obstacles are required on any loaded car tow dolly.

Classification by coupling configuration:-

There are two basic types:-

1.      Converter dolly, implemented with between one and three axles and sketched to attach to a towbar on the rear of the truck or trailer in front. There are two variants of this:-

i.        A A-dolly has a unique drawbar with a centred coupling.

ii.      C-dolly has two separate couplings side-by-side.

2.Low loader dolly, implemented with a gooseneck type drawbar that connects to the fifth wheel coupling on the rear of a prime mover to share the mass on the fifth wheel on the dolly within the prime mover and the wheels of the dolly. These are predominantly related with two axles.

Puller vehicle:-

Prime Mover
Prime Mover

The Puller vehicle is particularly sketched for pulling vehicles easily, safely and efficiently without creating damage to the bumper or body of the vehicle. Their Puller vehicle is sketched for automotive truck repair centres, car dealers, body shops, manufacturers, auto galleries, auctions and government highway service industries.

The most obvious applications that demand a Puller vehicle is the towing of a stalled or non-operable vehicle in and out of a service centre, the moving of a vehicle on a dealership showroom platform or an auction house or gallery, or at the end of a vehicle production line. The unit’s power, size, maneuverability, and price tag make it a remarkably attractive clarification compared to alternative modes of moving wheeled vehicles in tight and restricted areas.

The Puller vehicle has many individual features over other techniques to relocate vehicles including its hydraulic roller rams that effortlessly pull any two wheels of a vehicle up a ramp, off the ground, so the powered Puller vehicle tug can quickly and safely turn and manoeuvre the vehicle without the wheels of the vehicle moving. This procedure reduces the cumbersome straps, hooks, and brackets required to lift and pull a vehicle, or the “bumping” of the vehicle from behind with rubber push pads.

Frequently Asked Questions FAQ About oversize Over Dimension Consignment heavy haulage Road transportation industry India Prime Movers ,Hydraulic Multi Axle Modular trolley trailers :-

What effect does industry or industrialization have in common public life ?

The industrialization has a major impact on society and people have to look forward to some changes in the country. Based on the public interest in the industry, profits and employment go higher. It increased in urbanization and people moved to an urban center in search development. On-road transportation, certain development has been establishing towards society help. Economic developments also have taken in the industrial revolution. It brought up significant social changes among public interest on industrialization. Revolution has brought up to consider significant changes in road transport on industry sides. Workers get paid and take advantages in mass production of goods.

What and how many bad business impact of poor transportation service?

Due to poor transportation services, many businesses greatly affected. Shifting goods to consume place affected due to poor road transportation. It involves a huge number of things to keep in mind and production will below. For controlling this situation, poor transportation needs to overcome as quickly as possible. It increases sufficient roads in rural areas tend to increase production. For agriculture input and markets, road transportation is a must. So, poor transportation must solve by taking proper measurements. Especially in rural areas, transportation is important to carry out many things smoothly. So, the government has to take proper steps to avoid this misconception and do the best for promoting road transportation.

What is the Government of India policy best suited for doing business?

Recently, the Indian government led by Narendra Modi is focusing more on a broad world of an endless number of emerging startups. For achieving this, the Indian government is creating new opportunities and programs. They help companies in both nurturing and innovation. There are many initiatives taken by the Indian government to support new entrepreneurship. It also aims to foster the civilization of creativity among Indian youngsters. With an exceptional and huge statistic benefit, India can raise and improve business individually and make the occupations for the benefit of this nation and also the world. Every step is taken to enable the prosperity and growth of the country.

What do companies in India have problems with multi-state trade payable Geographical diversity?

Ethnic, cultural, racial, gender and other kinds of identities determine how people know, see and experience the world. Individuals from diverse environments think, react and learn differently. It is difficult for multistate business companies in India while trying to understand their employees. Most significantly, geographic diversity will lead to a lack of unity within the organization. If properly harnessed, geographic diversity can provide in holistic and multi-dimensional perspective to the acumen and wisdom within the multistate business companies. The companies in India do not have more problems with the multi-state trade payable Geographical diversity. It is because the process is a little bit simple.

What is there an efficient goods commercial vehicle available in India as expected?

Transition in India become more realistic with the current government has sustained and massive push on electric mobility. The government’s think-tank – NITI Aayog has been spearheading transition for increasing the zero-emission mode of transportation. Multi-Axle Trucks (MATs) are considered as the efficient goods commercial vehicle available in India and widely used with for industrial transportation. These vehicles mainly range from 26.2 ton to 49-ton vehicles gross weight. Sales of these vehicles have been jumped between 2009 and 2010 as 55% higher. Goods commercial vehicle has been massively improved on the highest standard level 60% of the overall commercial vehicle market have been massively improved.

What is heavy haulage Oversize ODC transportation a simple task in India?

ODC, otherwise called over-dimensional cargo is added entirely outside of a deck of the vehicles for shifting the over-sized goods. Both the length and height of cargo are larger than the standard vehicles. These heavy cargos are used in both domestic and commercial sectors. ODC transport in India can help people to shift their heavy goods from one location to the next one quickly. It is because these vehicles are well-equipped with many modern devices. They are capable of transporting heavyweight goods over long distances. The transport service provider has sufficient experience in this sector, so the team makes the overall transportation process hassle-free.

What is the diversity in logistics or transportation costs in India?

The Indian transportation sector is very large and diverse. It has been carrying out a major solution to undergo road transportation. For shifting goods and products, road transportation is very must and involves good actions. It has lots of results and the majority of imports rely on on-road transportation. Also, the costs of transportation in India are affordable and depend on business size. It works from the publication that makes the average population time for transport needs. So, get it based on the diversity in logistics and transportation costs is limited to the business sectors.

What is the level of customers class in the development of Indian Industrial Market?

Customer segmentation is nothing but a practice of dividing a customer into a group. It has been carrying out with the majority of things relevant to marketing. Thus, it plays an important role in meeting overall interests and spending habits. So, it termed to evaluate the specific ways organize with marketing needs. Millions of Indian population has the biggest range of the base class. It is also considered high due to Indian market range. It involves middle class, richest, and below-average base class. It has overflowing wealth value and sometimes involves in extremely poor condition. Checking the database also reveals the big Indian base class.

What and how much contribution of the present government has been successful in promoting Indian trade business ?

Industry experts mainly state that Government requires to endure the stepping on spending more on the particular sectors. With the Current Government is concentrating on various factors such as education, infrastructure, healthcare, connectivity and more. All these are major aspects that revive the growth with declining economic growth. There are hundreds of entrepreneurs as well as start-ups in the manufacturing sectors have been improved with the economy. Government has initiated certain measures for reviving the economy with spurring growth. India responds to the need for manufacturing as well as other service sectors then 80% of the GDP gets to improve.

What are the major business problems in India?

Since the time immemorial Indians have been promoting peace. The business has massively improved to the peak level but there are also some problems that most of the business faces. Whether it is related to government, crimes by ‘godmen’, condition of roads, corruption, or any others, the business gets affected in certain circumstances. Corruption is the worst endemic that is widely spread in India so it is important to be handled wisely and quickly. Though our country needs several changes at present below are some of the important things that we need to consider for tackling immediately. · Corruption · Illiteracy · Education system · Basic Hygiene · Healthcare system · Poverty · Pollution · Women’s safety · Infrastructure

What are the disadvantages of the transportation business ?

Here are the demerits of the transportation business as follow: Frequent Accidents Road transportation in India is risky. Necessary security measures never made against road accidents. Inadequate Road Many roads in India are inadequate and also available in bad shape. There are just 34 km long roads per every 100 sq.km area. Heavy Taxes It is another disadvantage of the road transportation business. The tax burden per vehicle in this country is Rs. 3500. Poor road maintenance Roads in India are not properly maintained. There is only 0.1% of national earning is invested in road maintenance in India. Rising diesel and petrol cost The operational amount of road transport is rising continuously. Not suitable for bulky goods It is unsuitable for heavy goods.

What are the advantages of the transportation service business ?

The road transportation involves a majority of things to help workers, students, and people to travel securely. It involves less cost and safety for everyone. Other than that, it easily delivers enough goods on time via road transport. It is more applicable for business to carry out major benefits in road transport. Goods and products delivered at the right location within the limited time duration. It involves lots of flexibility in operation and cheaper as well. For import and export business, road transportation is must and more appropriate for a short distance or long distance. It deserves the right platform to carry out major goods delivered at the right time.

How many types of transportation are used in India?

With the rapid urbanization in India, the Economic growth of the country has also improved. Transport system mainly has been improved into distinct modes such as notably road transport, railways, inland water transport, airports, and airlines, coastal shipping and many more. Roadways are the dominant means of transporting carrying about 85% of the total traffic generated in the country. India has about 191.7 million registered vehicles and Compound Annual Growth Rate from total Registered Motor Vehicles in India has been improved to 94%. With the increase in the number of vehicles on roads, it also paves a way for the development of business.

What is Logistic and what works ?

Logistics is broadly used to refer to a process of moving resources including equipment, products, materials, and inventory from one place to next one at the targeted destination. This term is used in numerous applications. There are different kinds of logistics services available but road transportation gets more fame among business professionals. It is because if business products or material cannot reach the customers, it will fail. It is the right place when road transportation plays a vital role. It also impacts many other aspects of businesses. If the products are shipping to your customers on time, it will increase the profitability of a company.

What are the meaning and use of a company or industry in reality ?

Company or industry, in reality, is an entity that especially engages the business. The company could be structured across many numbers of ways. A company could be a corporation, sole proprietorship or under the partnership. Based on the different company that you are dealing with, it could be owned by a single person or even a group of individuals. The company could be well structured under many circumstances. Liability is an important type of company that is especially assumed. Company or industry in India has a major growth with the improvements in modern technology and transportation facilities all over the country.


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