The truck industry forms the backbone in Indian economy and leads more to economic growth. Road transportation contributes upto 90% of the country’s passenger traffic and heavy loaded trucks. This sector is managed in an unorganized manner in spite of its importance in economy. Truck drivers plays a major role in the transportation industry. The stressful nature of the work done by the drives affect their physical and mental health.
A research was done by Kantar IMRB – a research organization along with Castrol for a month-long period over 1000 truckers to analyse the heath issues faced by truckers. In this they came across certain challenges faced by truck drivers in India.
Table of Contents Page
Challenges faced by cargo truck drivers in India:–
Cargo Truck Driver Working Pressure on Indian highways :-
Truck drivers are framed with time limit to deliver their Cargo . They are always under pressure to meet their target time. They have to travel long way within hours continuously. In some interview a driver named Imran from delhi said that he travels from Delhi to Kolkata in seven days. He carries out this trip 2-3 times in a month. They don’t even get much time to spend with their family.
Improper Cargo Truck drivers Sleep issue increase accident on Indian Highway daybyday :–
Cargo Truck Drivers cover longer distance and are bound with time target. To make sure they meet the target, they drive miles and miles without taking a break .They even force themselves to work for 15 hours a day. This negatively affects their health and is one of the main reasons for accidents taking place on road.
Cargo Truck drivers have a high rate of occupation-related injury and highest job fatality rate. According to one survey, more than 50% drivers face driving related health issues, yet for 63% says health is not in top three priorities in their life.
In the earlier days Cargo availability was a major concern for the truck owners but now availability of truck drivers is a major concern for those who are in business with large number of vehicle as well as single vehicles. According to survey, truck drivers are earning 10,000 to 15,000 per month in which payment is also not made on time. Due to this drivers do not get much as a fixed income. Most of the youngsters are thus discouraged and as a result shortage of drivers persist in transportation market. It’s difficult for them to manage their house from the salary as it is very less and not on time. It becomes difficult to look after the family.
Improper Food Facility Truck Driver Operators India :–
Truck Drivers mostly remain away from family on roads and cover miles to deliver Cargo on time. Due to this they are not able to get food on time. They always have to eat on roadside eateries or restaurants which do not provide good quality of food which adversely affects their health. Most of the drivers have the same kind of lifestyle. They travel from one place to another place covering miles. Mostly they make out 3 trips in a month. It’s very hectic schedule for them to cover miles to reach their destination on time without proper food and sleep.
There is increase in highway robberies in India. According to the report in Times of India, there are more than 82,000 cases of robberies across India, and out of which 80% of them are only in Uttar Pradesh.
Cargo Truck Drivers And Highway Conditions India :-
Indian road transport contributes almost 90 percent of country’s passenger traffic and 65 percent of its goods transported through trucks. India has one of the largest road network in world but many of them are not well maintained. According to reports overloaded vehicles caused 77,116 accidents and 25,199 deaths in reported in accidents.
Cargo Truck Drivers Problems faced due to authorities :-
During the journey truck drivers have to come across different states and they have to cross various checkpoint while entering or leaving the state. At this point several authorities shows partiality and their authoritative power to frighten the truck drivers and extract a good amount of money from them. Most of the drivers are illiterate and they do not know much about laws framed for them. These authorities take advantage of this and harass them financially. Truck drivers can’t even argue with them as they have to cover a long route ahead to deliver their goods. Different state has formed some different laws. Drivers of one state are not aware about the laws of other states and authorities take advantage of this.
Most of the accidents on highways are between truck and other vehicles. Every time the truck drivers are blamed for the accident even if they are not responsible for it. Driving the bigger vehicle goes against them. They do suffer with public on the accident site. Some start beating without even giving them chance to prove their side. Public do not look after the issue and start blaming drivers and also in some cases it is recorded that they are beaten till death. They don’t get any help as they are away from home. They are jailed by police authorities and tortured. Even some truck owners do not help their own drivers and leave them alone to tackle the situation. They don’t even get financial help from owner’s . Nobody is there to look after their family. Mostly they are the only person in the family who earns. Along with them, their families are also forced to suffer.
Cargo Truck DriversPoor Sanitation:–
Truck drivers remains 24/7 on the road for many days. They need to take rest on dhabas without any other option. There is no firm to look after that. Though some companies have taken initiative to overcome these issue as a part of their CSR activity. Government also need to look after the challenges faced by transportation industry and truck drivers in India. Very well known Agarwal Packers and Movers Ltd., launched a project known as ‘Driver Seva Kendra’, which is an effort to decrease number of accidents which happens in India due insufficient sleep of truck drivers. According to them around 1,39,000 people die in road accident in which 26,678 people are killed due to insufficient sleep. Agarwal gave a new trend by providing place for drivers where they can rest, eat and sleep.
Despite of many difficulties faced by truck drivers no steps has been taken to tackle them. Most of truck drivers complain about their unusual working hours, long periods and staying away from home and family. They also face difficulties during driving on uneven roads, weather conditions. Some surveys declare that 50% truck drivers have trips where duration in more than 12 hours and 46% drive continuously without any break. Maintaining physical and mental health is very important in this business but still 62% do not undergo any medical check-up in the past one year.
Truck Drivers also face problems of chronic back, neck and joint pain due to their fixed postures, repetitive twisting of back and neck, working and sleeping in tight spaces during driving.
How to improve condition of driver?
Cargo Truck Drivers Short Delivery Deadline Time Limit: –
Government should bring some rules and regulations for truck drivers to restrict their working hours. Many of the western countries are following this.
Cargo Truck DriversHealth and Hygiene:–
Truck drivers always face the heath issues as they spend most of their time on road. They cannot have access to proper food, rest and sanitation. Government and CSR teams should come up with plan for free medical check-up for them.
Cargo Truck DriversOverloading of trucks:-
Many accidents on roads are caused due to heavy loading of trucks. Government should take strict steps against overloaded trucks . This will reduce the number of accidents taking place in the city and will also save lives of innocent.
It’s not an easy job for truck drivers in India. Their life is full of stress, danger and insecurity. There are no guidelines made for them regarding their work and health problems. Government also lacks in taking strong steps in favour of truck drivers. All these factors are responsible for youth going away from this jobs. Social welfare firms and government together can come up and look upon this scenario.
Cargo Truck DriversShortage :–
Indian demography has gone under a major change past couple of decades. Growth in e-commerce has increase and so there need to deliver more goods to the sites is also increased. This in result has increased the demand of truck drivers. Ironically the industry is not successful in fulfilling the demand. There were about 1300 truckers on demand of 1000 in the early 80’s. This has reduced to about 750 truckers per demand of 1000 truckers. Means almost 25% to 30% truckers are sitting jobless every time.
Truck industry forms the main base in the Indian economy as well as in daily life of people. All the goods used by citizens are loaded and carried out through road transport, mainly through trucks. Imagine what happens if this industry shuts down due to shortage of truck drivers. The country will get to a still and everybody will have to suffer. It is governments and local people’s duty to come through solution for the truck industry.
How to tackle Truck Driver Shortage :–
The problem of truck driver’s shortage cannot be fixed quickly and efficiently. Several correct measures have to be taken which have to be evolved continuously to look after the shortage.
Let’s have look on positive factors which can be beneficial to truckers :-
Roads and Highways for Cargo Truck Drivers :–
After the launch of Golden Quadrilateral plan condition of roads and Highways have improved but they need to be improved more in the inner parts of the country.
Cargo Truck DriversIncrease Earning :–
Most of the people are going away from driver job as they are not paid as per the expectations. Government should be involved here and decide some basic pay scale for the truckers.
Cargo Truck DriversBetter Medical facilities :–
Provide a quality medical service for the truck drivers to keep them healthy and fit.Today in India, 30% Commercial Vehicle are due to lack of Operator (truck drivers) . 20% of the truck is standing in the warehouses of the banks, due to non-payment of installment. 25% of the trucks are waiting for Genuine Freight in the transport offices. Only 25% of the trucks are carrying our load and the entire country. Are you capable to imagine the horrific future?
Frequently Asked Questions FAQ About Poor trucking industry India operators truckers cargo truck drivers transporters future in India :-
What effect does industry or industrialization have in common public life ?
The industrialization has a major impact on society and people have to look forward to some changes in the country. Based on the public interest in the industry, profits and employment go higher. It increased in urbanization and people moved to an urban center in search development. On-road transportation, certain development has been establishing towards society help. Economic developments also have taken in the industrial revolution. It brought up significant social changes among public interest on industrialization. Revolution has brought up to consider significant changes in road transport on industry sides. Workers get paid and take advantages in mass production of goods.
What and how many bad business impact of poor transportation service?
Due to poor transportation services, many businesses greatly affected. Shifting goods to consume place affected due to poor road transportation. It involves a huge number of things to keep in mind and production will below. For controlling this situation, poor transportation needs to overcome as quickly as possible. It increases sufficient roads in rural areas tend to increase production. For agriculture input and markets, road transportation is a must. So, poor transportation must solve by taking proper measurements. Especially in rural areas, transportation is important to carry out many things smoothly. So, the government has to take proper steps to avoid this misconception and do the best for promoting road transportation.
What is the Government of India policy best suited for doing business?
Recently, the Indian government led by Narendra Modi is focusing more on a broad world of an endless number of emerging startups. For achieving this, the Indian government is creating new opportunities and programs. They help companies in both nurturing and innovation. There are many initiatives taken by the Indian government to support new entrepreneurship. It also aims to foster the civilization of creativity among Indian youngsters. With an exceptional and huge statistic benefit, India can raise and improve business individually and make the occupations for the benefit of this nation and also the world. Every step is taken to enable the prosperity and growth of the country.
What do companies in India have problems with multi-state trade payable Geographical diversity?
Ethnic, cultural, racial, gender and other kinds of identities determine how people know, see and experience the world. Individuals from diverse environments think, react and learn differently. It is difficult for multistate business companies in India while trying to understand their employees. Most significantly, geographic diversity will lead to a lack of unity within the organization. If properly harnessed, geographic diversity can provide in holistic and multi-dimensional perspective to the acumen and wisdom within the multistate business companies. The companies in India do not have more problems with the multi-state trade payable Geographical diversity. It is because the process is a little bit simple.
What is there an efficient goods commercial vehicle available in India as expected?
Transition in India become more realistic with the current government has sustained and massive push on electric mobility. The government’s think-tank – NITI Aayog has been spearheading transition for increasing the zero-emission mode of transportation. Multi-Axle Trucks (MATs) are considered as the efficient goods commercial vehicle available in India and widely used with for industrial transportation. These vehicles mainly range from 26.2 ton to 49-ton vehicles gross weight. Sales of these vehicles have been jumped between 2009 and 2010 as 55% higher. Goods commercial vehicle has been massively improved on the highest standard level 60% of the overall commercial vehicle market have been massively improved.
What is heavy haulage Oversize ODC transportation a simple task in India?
ODC, otherwise called over-dimensional cargo is added entirely outside of a deck of the vehicles for shifting the over-sized goods. Both the length and height of cargo are larger than the standard vehicles. These heavy cargos are used in both domestic and commercial sectors. ODC transport in India can help people to shift their heavy goods from one location to the next one quickly. It is because these vehicles are well-equipped with many modern devices. They are capable of transporting heavyweight goods over long distances. The transport service provider has sufficient experience in this sector, so the team makes the overall transportation process hassle-free.
What is the diversity in logistics or transportation costs in India?
The Indian transportation sector is very large and diverse. It has been carrying out a major solution to undergo road transportation. For shifting goods and products, road transportation is very must and involves good actions. It has lots of results and the majority of imports rely on on-road transportation. Also, the costs of transportation in India are affordable and depend on business size. It works from the publication that makes the average population time for transport needs. So, get it based on the diversity in logistics and transportation costs is limited to the business sectors.
What is the level of customers class in the development of Indian Industrial Market?
Customer segmentation is nothing but a practice of dividing a customer into a group. It has been carrying out with the majority of things relevant to marketing. Thus, it plays an important role in meeting overall interests and spending habits. So, it termed to evaluate the specific ways organize with marketing needs.
Millions of Indian population has the biggest range of the base class. It is also considered high due to Indian market range. It involves middle class, richest, and below-average base class. It has overflowing wealth value and sometimes involves in extremely poor condition. Checking the database also reveals the big Indian base class.
What and how much contribution of the present government has been successful in promoting Indian trade business ?
Industry experts mainly state that Government requires to endure the stepping on spending more on the particular sectors. With the Current Government is concentrating on various factors such as education, infrastructure, healthcare, connectivity and more. All these are major aspects that revive the growth with declining economic growth. There are hundreds of entrepreneurs as well as start-ups in the manufacturing sectors have been improved with the economy. Government has initiated certain measures for reviving the economy with spurring growth. India responds to the need for manufacturing as well as other service sectors then 80% of the GDP gets to improve.
What are the major business problems in India?
Since the time immemorial Indians have been promoting peace. The business has massively improved to the peak level but there are also some problems that most of the business faces. Whether it is related to government, crimes by ‘godmen’, condition of roads, corruption, or any others, the business gets affected in certain circumstances. Corruption is the worst endemic that is widely spread in India so it is important to be handled wisely and quickly. Though our country needs several changes at present below are some of the important things that we need to consider for tackling immediately.
· Education system
· Basic Hygiene
· Healthcare system
· Women’s safety
What are the disadvantages of the transportation business ?
Here are the demerits of the transportation business as follow:
Road transportation in India is risky. Necessary security measures never made against road accidents.
Many roads in India are inadequate and also available in bad shape. There are just 34 km long roads per every 100 sq.km area.
It is another disadvantage of the road transportation business. The tax burden per vehicle in this country is Rs. 3500.
Poor road maintenance
Roads in India are not properly maintained. There is only 0.1% of national earning is invested in road maintenance in India.
Rising diesel and petrol cost
The operational amount of road transport is rising continuously.
Not suitable for bulky goods
It is unsuitable for heavy goods.
What are the advantages of the transportation service business ?
The road transportation involves a majority of things to help workers, students, and people to travel securely. It involves less cost and safety for everyone. Other than that, it easily delivers enough goods on time via road transport. It is more applicable for business to carry out major benefits in road transport. Goods and products delivered at the right location within the limited time duration. It involves lots of flexibility in operation and cheaper as well. For import and export business, road transportation is must and more appropriate for a short distance or long distance. It deserves the right platform to carry out major goods delivered at the right time.
How many types of transportation are used in India?
With the rapid urbanization in India, the Economic growth of the country has also improved. Transport system mainly has been improved into distinct modes such as notably road transport, railways, inland water transport, airports, and airlines, coastal shipping and many more. Roadways are the dominant means of transporting carrying about 85% of the total traffic generated in the country. India has about 191.7 million registered vehicles and Compound Annual Growth Rate from total Registered Motor Vehicles in India has been improved to 94%. With the increase in the number of vehicles on roads, it also paves a way for the development of business.
What is Logistic and what works ?
Logistics is broadly used to refer to a process of moving resources including equipment, products, materials, and inventory from one place to next one at the targeted destination. This term is used in numerous applications. There are different kinds of logistics services available but road transportation gets more fame among business professionals. It is because if business products or material cannot reach the customers, it will fail. It is the right place when road transportation plays a vital role. It also impacts many other aspects of businesses. If the products are shipping to your customers on time, it will increase the profitability of a company.
What are the meaning and use of a company or industry in reality ?
Company or industry, in reality, is an entity that especially engages the business. The company could be structured across many numbers of ways. A company could be a corporation, sole proprietorship or under the partnership. Based on the different company that you are dealing with, it could be owned by a single person or even a group of individuals. The company could be well structured under many circumstances. Liability is an important type of company that is especially assumed. Company or industry in India has a major growth with the improvements in modern technology and transportation facilities all over the country.